Yeah, there will be some carry over, most notably to lung capacity I believe. Also if you get good at sprints I imagine running distance will be less likely to make you cramp up.
The bottom line though is that aerobic training, by its nature, requires time to train. If you try to do it in less time, you must increase the intensity proportionately for a similar workload. And eventually you cross over into anaerobic training. If time is an issue then I’d suggest something that you can literally do on the spot, so as to minimize excess time (stretching, changing clothes, etc). If its boredom find something fun. You may want to try parkour, if there’s a suitable place to do it.